The trilliums are just starting to bloom in the woodland garden. They grow 18 to 24 inches high and have one flower which rises from the leaf axils. There are three outer sepals which surround three petals 2 inches long and three pale green leaves whorled around the stalk. It requires a moist deciduous forest to grow in and has a growing range from Tennessee, Georgia, North Carolina, north into Canada and west to Manitoba. The trillium is the Provincial flower of Ontario.
It is believed picking the flower kills the plant which is not true. But the flower will not appear until the following year and repeated picking will eventfully kill the plant.
The seed requires 83 days of cold to germinate and then two winters in the soil. The roots start to grow in the first winter and by the second the initial shoots start to grow. For the first 5 to 6 years of life it produces only leaves. When it does flower they emerge as white, then slowly turn pink.
They will slowly spread by rhizomes if the conditions are to their liking. But ants love them. About a quarter of each ripe seed contains an oil and when the seeds fall to the ground the ants take them back their nest, where they eat the oil and leave the seeds on the ground.
Native Americans used a solution made from the rhizome for various ailments, including ear infections and rheumatism. The solution, which is astringent and antiseptic, was used as an external dressing for inflammation or to control bleeding during childbirth, hence the name "birth root".
This is my first time I am joining Rosie at LeavesnBloom for ColourMe Weekly.
Stop in to see the beautiful storyboards.
Have a wonderful day!!!